CAT Score Vs Percentile Analysis  Check here
Updated on 05 Jan 2019
CAT 2018 Score Vs Percentile is out with the release of CAT 2018 Score cards of the candidates on January 5, 2019. You can very well assess now your admission chances in IIMs with the help of CAT scaled score with percentile. Even before the release of CAT score with percentile, you could understand what percentile you could get with the respective CAT 2018 raw score and the CAT scaled score. The process to calculate CAT raw score vs percentile is announced by top CAT experts well in advance before declaration of CAT Result.
Since CAT 2018 scoring pattern awards +3 marks for each correct answer and 1 mark for each wrong answer for MCQs and no negative marks for NonMCQs, arriving at the nearest CAT score vs percentile calculation has become a little more easy. CAT 2018 exam was held on November 25, 2018 in two slots. The exam was rated as slightly more difficult than last year CAT and therefore, in view of the experts and top preparation institutes, a low raw score of 150 and scaled score of 162 could award you high percentile of 99+ in CAT 2018.
This prediction of CAT score vs percentile has also proved to be correct to a large extent as shared below. It may be noted that CAT score card does not display your CAT raw score Vs percentile and only the scaled CAT score Vs percentile is mentioned in CAT Score Card. Let us know the CAT score Vs Percentile as scored in CAT 2018 exam by the test takers for MBA admission 2019:
CAT Score 250+ Vs 100 Percentile
The candidates who have scored of 250+ scaled CAT 2018 score have been awarded 100 percentile
Section

Section

Section

Total


Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension

Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Ability


Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Overall Scaled Score

Overall Percentile

87.62

99.95

66.77

99.98

96.99

100

251.38

100

CAT Score 160+ to 189 Vs 99+ Percentile
The candidates who appeared in CAT 2018 and are awarded scaled score between 160+ and 189 have got percentile of 99+ as revealed in the following CAT 2018 score cards:
CAT Score 188.43 Vs Percentile 99.88
Section

Section

Section

Total


Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension

Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Ability


Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Overall Scaled Score

Overall Percentile

69.18

97.75

50.91

99.59

68.34

99.83

188.43

99.88

CAT Score 161.85 Vs Percentile 99.33
Section

Section

Section

Total


Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension

Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Ability


Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Overall Scaled Score

Overall Percentile

67.13

97.1

51.97

99.66

42.76

96.91

161.85

99.33

CAT Score 87 Vs Percentile 84
Section

Section

Section

Total


Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension

Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Ability


Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Scaled Score

Percentile

Overall Scaled Score

Overall Percentile

28.19

62.04

29.76

91.22

29.46

90.31

87.41

84.12

CAT 2018 Score Vs Percentile by MBAUniverse.com
Since the candidates are now unable to know what raw CAT 2018 score range has fetched percentile in different range, we present below the CAT raw score vs percentile range prepared by experts:
CAT 2018 Raw Score Range

Percentile

6170

8084

7180

8587

8190

8889

91100

8889

101120

9192

121130

9394

131139

9596

140145

9798

150155

99+

CAT Score Vs Percentile by Career Launcher (CL)
One of the leading CAT preparation institutes Career launched predicted following percentile at below mentioned raw score in CAT 2018:
CAT 2018 Score

Expected Percentile

155160

99

CAT Score Vs Percentile by IMS
The oldest CAT coaching institute IMS has predicted following percentile at below mentioned raw score in CAT 2018:
CAT 2018 Score

Expected Percentile

140145

95

160+

99

CAT Score Vs Percentile: Calculation Process
IIMs have devised the process to obtain high percentile score at a moderate raw score in CAT exam. For example a raw score of 100 in CAT is scaled to 160 and then again converted to percentile score of 85 to 90+. The score Vs Percentile calculation process in CAT 2018 exam will pass through various stages. The key process is detailed as under:
 Your Raw sectional and overall score obtained in CAT 2018 exam.
 This raw CAT score 2018 is converted to Scaled score
 The scaled CAT score is converted to percentile score.
CAT 2018 scoring pattern
Chances to increase percentile in CAT 2018 have improved with introduction of 27% NonMCQs.
Following is the scoring pattern in CAT 2018:
 Maximum marks 300
 3 marks awarded for each correct answer for MCQs & Non MCQs
 1 mark for every wrong answer for MCQs
 No deduction for wrong answer to NonMCQ
Score scaling and Score Normalization lead to percentile score
The process of converting the raw CAT score to percentile score again depends upon many factors – number of candidates who have appeared in CAT exam, difficulty level of slot1 and slot2 question paper. Taking all this into account scaled scores are arrived at. This process goes on for score normalization and leads to percentile scores.
Normalization depends on LoD in both sessions
The Scaling & Normalization process of CAT 2018 scores have also brought about certain changes as both the components take into account the level of difficulty in both the sessions of CAT 2018 exam, conducted on November 25, 2018. While the Normalization process, as announced by IIMs for CAT 2018 scores, adjusts for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms, the scaled scores obtained by this process are converted into percentiles for purposes of shortlisting.
CAT 2018 website claims to have the most transparent process on score normalization and calculation of percentile. A bit of information on score normalization process in CAT 2018 is also available on CAT website. The process claims to focus on Fairness, Equity and comparison of performances across both the test sessions in CAT 2018.
Transparent Scoring pattern
CAT Centre 2018 has declared “In order to ensure fairness and equity in comparison of performances of the candidates across different test sessions, the scores of the candidates shall be subjected to a process of Normalization. The Normalization process to be implemented shall adjust for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms and the scaled scores obtained by this process shall be converted into percentiles for purposes of shortlisting.”
IIMs follow GATE pattern to convert score to percentile
On the question of transparency of normalization process across the multiple sessions CAT Centre states “The process of Normalization is an established practice for comparing candidate scores across multiple Forms and is similar to those being adopted in other large educational selection tests conducted in India such as Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).”
To understand the conversion of raw score to percentile score and to know about the score normalization process in CAT 2018, understand first the GATE process which stands a bit changed.
Those appearing in GATE or have understood the process can understand it better but for those who are unaware about the process have to understand the GATE process first. In fact the commerce, science, medical, paramedical and graduates in Humanities who are appearing CAT 2018 still remain oblivious of the percentile VS Score calculation formula in CAT 2018.
GATE normalization process adopted in CAT
During 2018, the CE, CS, EC, EE and ME examinations are conducted in multiple sessions. Suitable normalization process is therefore applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question sets across the different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that "in all multisession GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions".
According to the GATE committee, this assumption is justified since "the number of candidates appearing in multisession subjects in GATE is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multisession subject, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude."
GATE formula
Based on the above the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects. From GATE 2014 onward (and year 201415 of the 2year validity period of GATE 2013 score), a candidate's GATE score is computed by the following new formula.
where, S = Score (normalized) of a candidate; M = Marks obtained by a candidate ("normalized marks" in case of multiplesession subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME); M_{q} = Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or μ + σ, whichever is higher); μ = Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject; σ = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject; M_{t} = Average marks of top 0.1 % candidates (for subjects with 10000 or more appeared candidates) or top 10 candidates (for subjects with less than 10000 appeared candidates); S_{t} = 900 = Score assigned to M_{t; } S_{q} = 350 = Score assigned to M_{q}.
Percentile
A candidate's percentile denotes the percentage of candidates scoring lower than that particular candidate. It is calculated as: Percentile = ( 1  All India rank( No. of candidates in that subject) x 100%
Application of formula in CAT 2018
The formula to calculate the percentile in CAT 2018 can be devised. The score normalization process formula by CAT expert would be as follows
Normalized mark (︿M_{ij}) of j^{th} candidate in i^{th} slot, is given by
︿M_{ij} = M^{g}_{t}  M^{g}_{q}M_{ti}  M_{iq} ( M_{ij}  M_{iq} ) + M^{g}_{q}
where,
M_{ij} is the actual marks obtained by the j^{th} candidate in the i^{th} slot,
M^{g}_{t} is the average marks of the top 0.1 % candidates in all slots,
M^{g}_{q} is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots,
M_{ti} is the average of marks of top 0.1 % candidates in the i^{th} slot,
M_{iq} is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in the i^{th} slot.
Example of converting Score to Percentile
Total Test takers = 2,00,000
slots = 2
Test takers in each slot = 1,00,000 [ .1% of it = 100]
M_{ij} = 170 out of 300 ( is the actual marks obtained by the j^{th} candidate in
the 2nd slot)
M^{g}_{t} = [195 + 190 ]/2 = 192 ( is the average marks of the top 0.1 % candidates of
both the slots)
here, 195 and 190 are the average of the top .1% aspirants of all slots
M^{g}_{q} = 112 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks
of all candidates in both the slots)
M_{ti } = 190 (is the average of marks of top 0.1 % candidates in
the 2nd slot)
M_{iq } = 110 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks
of all candidates in the 2nd slot.)
So, according to the given formula, normalized score = (192112)(170110)/(190110) + 112 = 172
165 core marks = Scaled score 195
Going by past trend and allowing for all the odds, if you score more than 200 marks with sectional score of 75 in VARC, 50 marks in DILR and 45 marks in Quant, it could fetch 99+ percentile in CAT 2018. Another fact is that your raw score is not reflected on your score card. It is the scaled score which is reflected in your score card after IIMs complete the scaling process as detailed above. Your required raw score to get scaled score of 195 and achieve 99 percentile could be much less say, around 160 or 165 marks out of 300.
To a large extent it can be estimated that your total marks of 160 to 165 could award you a percentile of 9899 in CAT. Besides a gap of 10 marks is expected to exist between the award of 99 and 100 percentile in CAT.
Read More: CAT 2019  Exam Date, Registration, Syllabus, Preparation, Books